The discipline of Geotechnical Engineering at Chongqing University, founded back in 1950s, was amongst the first programs authorized to confer Ph. D. degrees in China in 1984, and later became a national key discipline in 2006. After more than 70 years of development, the geotechnical engineering discipline of Chongqing University has a complete talent training system for undergraduates, masters, doctors and post-doctors. A large number of doctoral and postgraduate students graduated from this major, many of whom have become the backbones of scientific research and engineering technology in engineering disciplines. Two research institutes, the Geotechnical Engineering Research Institute and the Underground Engineering Research Institute of Chongqing University, was established in this discipline. Based on the geotechnical engineering discipline, The National Joint Engineering Research Center of Geohazard Prevention in the reservoir Areas (Chongqing) was founded, which were established with the approval of the National Development and Reform Commission. Meanwhile, We also have the Ministry of Education's Key Laboratory of New Technology for Construction of Cities in Mountain Area, the Chongqing Municipal Engineering Laboratory for Geological Disaster Mitigation in Three Gorges Reservoir Region of Chongqing, Ministry of Education's International Joint Laboratory of Green Buildings and Built Environments, and Collaborative innovation Center for Urbanization Safety and Disaster Prevention in Mountainous Region of Chongqing.
Structural Engineering, which is one of the earliest disciplines at Chongqing University, was founded in 1935. Structural engineering has been gradually developed from the traditional research areas, such as masonry, concrete and wood-bamboo structures, to structural design and construction integration technology, intelligent structural design and construction. These research areas are closely linked and interdisciplinary with hazard prevention and mitigation engineering, protection engineering, geotechnical engineering, and construction and management. With a particular focus on the national strategic needs, such as sustainable high-performance civil engineering structures, life-cycle design of engineering structures, multi-hazard resistance of engineering structures and innovative construction materials, etc., Structural Engineering is committed to serving the construction of national infrastructure on the critical scientific and technique issues, such as New-Type Urbanization, green development of Yangtze River Economic Belt, One Belt One Road Initiative, etc. Structural Engineering has been developed gradually, revealing the characteristics of refinement, intelligence, interdisciplinary integration, low-carbon and sustainable, advanced materials and structural engineering. It covers the research areas of the high-performance structure system, new material and structure system, refined and efficient structural analysis theory, structural seismic performance and design theory, structural reliability analysis theory, structural nonlinear analysis methods, etc.
Heating, Gas Supply, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Engineering
The discipline of Heating, Gas Supply, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Engineering at Chongqing University was founded in 1952. Building various artificial environments to meet the requirements of human production and life, the discipline has gradually developed from the initial building environment control to building energy conservation, building environmental safety, and building energy systems. It is closely connected with civil engineering, municipal engineering, architecture and planning, electrical engineering, ecological and environmental engineering, materials engineering, and other disciplines. The discipline closely follows the requirements of resource and environmental protection in national economic and social development; combines intelligent development strategy; realizes efficient and low-carbon application of clean energy; creates a building environment through intelligent energy conservation; and serves the national environment and energy security. Its research covers green building and building energy conservation, building environment simulation and intelligent control, building fire safety, building environment, building clean energy development and application; innovative design and system integration of building clean energy systems; regional energy operation and management; renewable energy storage technology; application of new materials and structures in building clean energy systems; gas transmission and distribution and application.
Disaster Prevention and Reduction Engineering and Protection Engineering
The discipline of Disaster Prevention and Reduction Engineering and Protection Engineering is a secondary discipline of civil engineering. Its main issues include structural seismic engineering, structural wind engineering, structural fire resistance engineering and explosion resistance engineering, and it plays an important role in the implementation of the sustainable development strategy in China. The main task of the discipline is to establish and develop scientific theories, design methods and engineering measures to improve the engineering system resistance to natural and man-made disasters, minimize the damages caused by future disasters, ensure the safety of people's lives and property, ensure the ability of post-disaster economic recovery and development, and improve the ability of major national projects to prevent disasters. The main research topics include engineering ground motion, seismic analysis and design of engineering structures, comprehensive disaster prevention and reduction of mountain towns, structural wind engineering and mountain wind effects, structural health monitoring, disaster detection, identification and reinforcement, etc. As a key discipline of the Ministry of Housing and Urban-rural Development of the People's Republic of China and Chongqing, the discipline of disaster prevention and reduction engineering and protection engineering of our school is very famous in the studies on the engineering ground motion input, structural seismic design theory, mountain wind effects, structural fire safety, structural health monitoring, disaster detection, identification and reinforcement, and comprehensive disaster prevention and reduction of mountain towns.
Road and Bridge Engineering
Road and Bridge Engineering is a characteristic developing discipline subordinate to civil engineering discipline of Chongqing University and aims to educate high-quality professionals in road and bridge engineering and research on management, inspection, design, construction, and maintenance of road and bridge engineering. The research fields have expanded from the industrialization and modernization of transportation infrastructure construction to the direction of design and construction of high-performance in transportation infrastructure, disaster prevention, mitigation and durability of structures, and intelligent and green infrastructure operation and maintenance. Corresponding disciplines were integrated, including material science, environment and ecology, automation, computer science, traffic engineering, aerodynamics, and ocean engineering. Following the strategic demand of China, discipline of Road and Bridge Engineering focuses on innovative material, technology and original innovation development strategy and is dedicating on its characteristics, including multi-hazard dynamic disaster of large span bridges, basic theory and application of high-performance bridge materials and innovative composite structure bridges, the theory and key technology of intelligent diagnosis and rehabilitation for bridge structures, mountainous road foundation engineering and disaster prevention & control, functional asphalt pavement, green construction, and intelligent infrastructure management & maintenance.
Engineering Construction and Management
The discipline of Engineering Construction and Management was founded in the 1950s. At present, the subject relies on the double first-class construction subject of civil engineering, and has research institutions such as the institute of Engineering Construction, the Modern Construction Technology Research Center, and the Virtual Simulation Laboratory. In 1984, the subject was awarded the master's degree in construction economics and management, and it was awarded the independent establishment of the second-level doctoral degree in civil and hydraulic construction in 2002. Since the 1980s, the subject has developed rapidly. A large number of senior engineering technology and R&D talents for design, construction, real estate development, teaching and research in the field of civil engineering. This subject involves research fields such as civil engineering construction technology, management theory and methods, and its main research directions and contents: building structure construction and informatization, including structural analysis and safety control during construction, BIM technology research and application, civil engineering construction technology, including construction techniques and methods of complex and major engineering projects, efficient construction organization; Building industrialization and green construction technology, including efficient control of industrialized production components, precision of systematic structure installation, and "four conversations and one protection" technology in the construction process; Modern project management theories and methods, including modern management theories and methods of construction enterprises and engineering projects, control and management of engineering project quality, cost, schedule, contract, safety, etc., smart construction and site construction, etc.
Intelligent Geomatics of Civil Engineering
Intelligent Geomatics of Civil Engineering is an emerging research direction in recent years, aiming at the development of modern geomatics technology and artificial intelligence technology. The overall goal of this direction is to cultivate high-quality intelligent management talents in the field of engineering and research on key technologies of full life cycle protection of engineering. This direction originated from engineering survey, deformation monitoring and 3S integrated application, etc. is now connected with civil engineering, computer science, information science, earth science, ocean science, modern communication science, aerospace science and other disciplines. The discipline is closely related to the needs of modern engineering and the national strategies for disaster prevention and mitigation. Combining the trend of intelligent development, gradually formed the theoretical research, physical experiments, prototyping and virtual simulation of the combination of disciplinary characteristics, and realizing modernization, informatization and visualization of engineering support and public safety management, which provides important support for Chinese economic growth, high-level personnel training, high-level scientific research and the application of new and high-tech achievements. The research includes the whole life cycle of geomatics engineering, large structure health monitoring, natural disaster monitoring and early warning, integration and application of modern geomatics technology, spatial information collection and processing, etc.